Posted by: vip | May 3, 2010

Surnames 4: our old, the catálogo and present spellings

Surnames 4: our old, the catálogo and present spellings


Let us now take stock of our surnames.  I was given this wonderful Comelec’s List of Voters (alphabetical) and with it, we can compare my old records with how families at present spell their surnames.

Like every town in the country, Carcar was handed its surnames based on the catálogo (catálogo de apellidos), a compiled list. The list was sent throughout the country as annex to the decree issued by Spanish Governor-General Narciso Clavería in 21 November 1849.  Surnames were to follow the list, with some exceptions of course.  But what is often written about the decree — that one letter was assigned to each town, if true — can not be said of Carcar.

In fact, Carcar surnames can be grouped not just by Al- but also the Bar-, Cam-, Can-, Day-, Em-, Fan-, Gem-, Gen-, Lao, Lap-, Man-, Nav-, Oa-, Qui-, Rem-, Sat- and Sau-, and Tang- surnames. Maybe even some other groups that escaped me.  There are actually quite a number of surnames in each of these alphabetical groups, and townspeople today express surprise when apprised of this fact, possibly long conditioned by the preponderance of the Al- surnames, so that many are even unaware that there are these other alphabetical groupings.

Evolution. Many Lao- surnames have evolved to Lau-, presumably with the influence of English. But, they were all Lao- before, even Laogan, Laoron, Laoronal, Laosa–except Lauglaug, which was spelled that way ever since even if it was Laoglaog in the catálogo. Lauron also appeared in the catálogo but was not grouped with known Carcar surnames.

That is also the case of the Oa- names — Oamar, Oaper, Oasaoas, etc.  Since these take the sound of the modern English “w” most of these are now spelled with ‘W”.  But during the Spanish era, the letter “w” would have been pronounced “v” (and it’s even now still called doble-v, which is what it looks like anyway).

That same “v” explanation can also be given for the Barawidan surname, which was formerly spelled Barauidan.  As well as the barangay Bolinawan, an old locality formerly spelled Bolinauan.

The Fan- surnames presently in Carcar count with it Fano, Fantonial, Fantilgan, Fantilgone (also Fantilgoni, the original spelling). But present-day Pantilgone, Panugaling, Panugalinog, Panon, Panonci, Panuncial, Panuncialman were once upon a time all Fan-, too: Fanugaling, Fanugalinog, Fanun, Fanunci, Fanuncial, Fanuncialman–in the catálogo.  I guess, we just fronounced our ep into fee.

Surname myths. The surnames in Carcar also have developed myths to them.  Usually, the family story is that their patriarch just decided to separate, for any number of reasons, with the main family and so accounted for the variations in the spelling, and even the present pronunciation, of the name.

Many have asked whether it was true that Varga and Bargamento were the same family.  The question hints some knowledge about the origin of the surnames–that Varga used to be Barga. But no, Barga and Bargamento were different families, and my first generation Barga in fact had a Bargamento wife, which coincidence may have started the myth itself.

A similar myth has enveloped the Abella- surnames of San Nicolas: That Abella, Abellana, Abellaneda, Abellanosa were actually just one surname–Abella–and individuals just decided on getting adventurous with embellishments on the name, that resulted in the proliferation of these similar names. Not true either.

But variations in the spellings did indeed occur in Carcar. Many times it must have been the result of clerks using different spellings for the same name. Spelling was not very meticulously kept, one can safely say.

The following is a list just of surnames that have significant changes from what was prescribed in the catálogo, to what was written in the books, and to what now virtually appears today.

current old books catálogo origin
Abellaneda Abillaneda Avellaneda San Nicolas
Alcachupas Alcachupas Alcachofas
Alcoriza Alcorisa Alcorisa
Alcos Alcos Alcuz
Alcoseba Alcoseba Alcoceba
Alcuirez Alcuiris Alcuiriz
Alcuitas Alcuetas Alcuetas
Alcuizar Alcuesar Alcuezar
Aldemita Aldemeta Aldelmeta Bohol
Aldipolla Aldipolla Aldipulla
Aldueso Aldueso Alduezo
Aleguiojo Alegueojo Alegueojo Bohol
Alemios Alemeus Alemeuz Bohol
Alentiojo Alenteojo Alentejo
Alicaya Alicaya Alecaya
Alinsugay Alinsugay Alensogay
Aliser Aleser Alescer
Alvarado Albarado Albarado
Barawidan Barauidan Baraoidan
Barbieros Barbeyros Barbeiros
Barcastigue Barcaistigue Barcaistegui
Bardilas Bardelas Bardelas
Bardinas Bardenas Bardenas
Bargeo Bargeo Barheu Bohol
Baring Bareng Bareng, Baring
Barluado Barluado Barloado
Camomot Camomot Camotmot
Camotes Camates Camatis
Campañon Campañon Campoñon
Campugan Campugan Campogan
Camuta Camota Camota Bohol
Cananayon Cananayon Canayon
Cananea Canania Canania
Cavan Caban Caban San Nicolas
Compacion Campacion Campasion
Cui Cui, Cuy Cue Parian
Daitic Daytec Daytec
Dayagbil Dayagbil Dayagbil
Dayanco Dayanco Dayancu
Dialimas Dayalimas Dayalimas
Diapera Dayapera Dayapira Bohol
Embarnace Embarnace Embarnase
Embrado Emvrado Emrado
Emnace Emnace Emnase Bohol
Emnacen Emnacen Emnasen Bohol
Francisquete Francisquite Francisqueti
Genobiagon Genoveagon Genaveagon
Gucor Gocor Gucur
Lapasaran Lapasaran Lapazaran
Laugan Laogan Laogan
Lauglaug Lauglaug Laoglaog
Laure Laore Laore
Lauron Laoron Laoron CC
Lauronal Laoronal Laoronal
Lausa Laosa Laossa
Manguray Manguray Mangoray Talisay
Manguroban Mangruban Mangroban
Manlisi Manlisic Manlisic
Oamelda Oamelda Oaomelda
Paninsoro Paningesoro Paningisoro
Paraz Paraz Paras
Remolisan Remolisan Remolizan
Satinitigan Satinitigan Satinititigan
Sato Satot Satut Bohol
Tangarorang Tangarorang Tangarucan Bohol
Tangkay Tangcay Tangcay
Varga Barga Barga
Wacan Oacan Oaocan
Wamar Oamar Oamar
Warnac Oarnac Oarnac
Wasawas Oasaoas Oasauas
Watimar Oatemar Oatemar
Watin Oatin Oatin

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