Al- surnames of Carcar
Throughout the country, when talk comes around to how surnames were given out in the implementation of the Claveria Decree, the conventional wisdom was that a letter was supposed to have been assigned to each town, many times resulting in the surnames of the town to all start with the same letter, a fact that Bureau of Records Management Director Domingo Abella himself acknowledged, citing the Bicol region in his 1973 introduction to the National Archives publication of a copy of the catálogo de apellidos. So, what I discovered for Carcar came as a pleasant surprise.
Despite the preponderance of surnames in the town that start with “Al-“, Carcar did not exactly follow that alleged pattern, like what probably happened in Oas, Albay, where the “R” surnames reigned supreme.
As a matter of fact, aside from the Al- group, Carcar surnames follow several other alphabetical groupings: Bar- (Baran, Bargayo), Cam- (Campaña, Camingao), Can- (Canencia, Canarias), Day- (Dayonot, Daytec), Em- (Emnace, Empleo), Fan- (Fano, Fantilgoni), Gel- (Gelle, Gellicania), Gem- (Gemperoso, Gemal), Gen- (Genobisa, Genave), Lao- (Laoc, Laoronilla), Lap- (Lapingcao, Lapinid), Man- (Mancera, Maniscan), Mang- (Manguiran, Manguroban), Nav- (Navares, Navarro), Oa- (Oaper, Oacan), Qui- (Quijano, Quijoy), Rem- (Remo, Remolado), Sat- (Satira, Satorre), Tang- (Tangarorang, Tangcay), and maybe others.
But on the list below, the Carcar surnames that do start with “Al-“ therein include only those that already appeared in the earliest books, surnames that we may claim – assume — to have been originally given out in Carcar. Thus, nowhere in it are many other Al- surnames, found and even plentiful in Carcar at present, but which seems to have been later arrivals. This means the owners must have received the surnames from their own hometowns and not in Carcar.
Some of these later-arrivals would be Albarracin, Albrando, Alcarez, Alfeche, Alferez, Alforque, Alicaba, Alicaway, Aliño, Alquizola, Alquizalas and many more.
On the other end of the spectrum, there are Carcar comers but who’d arrived before the Claveria decree of 1849 and we can presume, using the alphabetical criteria, that they’d also received their surnames in Carcar and, so, these families are included on this list. These families would include some mestizos Sangleys from Parian (Alcorcon, Alcudia, Aldocente) the Alegrado from Cebu City and Aldave from San Nicolas, as well as the Bohol families (Aldemita, Aleguin, Aleguiojo, Alemios, Aleonar, Alfafaras, etc. the last which cannot be found in Carcar any longer).
Most of these Al- families originated around the old localities Mulag, Mantaoñgon, Cabancalan, Cabongcolan of what is now Guadalupe, that area straddling Carcar and Barili. Because of which historical basis may have given rise to the thought (common in Carcar): Are all Al- families related?
But I wouldn’t venture so far as to say: yes, all of them. In fact, we can immediately eliminate from the kinship those Al- families in the above paragraph, they whom we can categorically determine to have originated from outside Carcar.
And what about the rest? Of course, maybe. After 4 generations, people would have lost track of their pedigree (except to say “maybe” — pariente kunó) and even if the residents of one big area may actually have been the fourth or fifth generation descendants of a single couple who originally transplanted themselves there in the mid-1700s, but this very lack of genealogical memory may just have resulted in the town officials (priest, gobernadorcillo, cabezas) assigning different (but all starting with Al-) Claveria surnames to these individuals in 1850. Even if they may have been just one family. As to the obviously older families — Alcos, Alcoseba, Alcover, Alcuesar, Aldaya, Aledo, Alegado, Alegarbes, Alejado, Alesna, Aleson, etc., etc. — who can now say?
|3||Alcesto||24, Alcisto 2|
|8||Alcoriza||Alcorisa||Alcorisa||33, Alcorisa 1|
|11||Alcover||278, Alcober 2|
|22||Aldevera||46, Aldevita 1, Aldivera 1|
|23||Aldipolla||Aldepolla||Aldipolla||4, Aldepolla 1, Aldepuela 1, Aldepuella 1|
|24||Alduesa||23, Aldohesa 2, Aldojesa 2, Alduhesa 3, Alduheza 1, Alduiza 3|
|25||Aldueso||Aldueso||Alduezo||30, Alduezo 7|
|27||Aledo||77, Alido 1|
|28||Aledon||(none)||(none)||66, Alidon 4|
|30||Alegado||360, Alegada 10|
|32||Alegarbes||160, Alegarbez 1, Aligarbes 1|
|35||Aleguiojo||Alegueojo||Alegueojo||93, Aleguijo 1|
|37||Alemios||Alemeus||Alemeuz||33, Alimeos 1, Alimios 1|
|38||Aleñar||Aleñar||Aliñar||1, Aliñar 1|
|39||Alentiojo||Alenteojo||Alentejo||26, Alintiojo 2|
|43||Alesna||329, Alisna 2|
|44||Alfafara||94, Alfarara 1|
|46||Aliser||Aleser||Alescer||122, Aleser 36, Alesir 2, Alicer 4|