H – Yap-Rodriguez

2009 Jun 15

Juan Ramos Rodríguez-Consolación Florido Yap House

232 Jose Rizal St.

Erected: 1905
Builders: Salustiano (Gonzalo?) Abellana, architect; Andres Cui, chief carpenter
Renovated 1936: Mariano Mercado, designer; Ceferino Bargamento, chief carpenter
(present owners: Heirs of Porfirio C. Yap, son of Consolacion)

——-

A much-storied house. A scaled-down version, and minus the azotea, represented the Visayan house in the old Nayong Pilipino in Parañaque.

Yap_home_clone

Visayan House
Nayong Pilipino
(Photo 1975 by Alfredo Yap)

_

The mestizo Juan Rodriguez married Consolación Florido Yap, a mestiza Sangley from Cebu City in Carcar in 1892. Prior to their marriage, Nyora Asyon already had three children by other men, the second having died in Carcar in 1889 and the third, born and baptized in Carcar in 1890. Nyor Jantoy’s grandparents were residents of Sibonga, and his father had wedded a Ramos woman from Carcar. The Rodriguez grandfather was a pure Spaniard from Madrid.

The house was built during their marriage, presumably coinciding with the Upland School (1905), but while the house has lived to this day, the marriage was already beginning to crumble. Per writeups in a Cebu newspaper about the court case, Consolacion reportedly left for Manila where her eldest child Porfirio was studying pharmacy, but came back. The couple still failed to work out their marriage and Consolacion reportedly left again. Juan also left for Manila, whether to follow Consolacion or not cannot be determined anymore. Anyway, Consolacion came back to Carcar and when Juan died in Manila on March 24, 1915 (per his church crypt), she was the one living in the house. The couple had no children.

Since Consolacion had possession, a legal battle ensued as a brother of Juan laid claim to the house and the lot, its camarin, an Australian horse, its carriage, and Thirteen Thousand Pesos. It must have been bitter as family cases go, but the court of first instance ruled in favor of the widow. It was also her contention that she had financed the construction of the house. But Juan’s collateral descendants presumably would dispute this also to this day, even as the Rodriguez family had been allowed to take out items of furniture from the house by Consolacion’s son during his possession of the property.  Consolacion died at fiesta time, on November 24, 1928.

ancestor 3

Consolacion Florido Yap
(8-Dec-1865 Cebu City - 24-Nov-1928 Carcar)
___

crypt of Juan Ramos Rodriguez (Carcar church, photo by Vip Aleonar)

Meanwhile, Porfirio, having decided to stop his pharmacy studies, with two of his Sandiego cousins had sat for the 1911 examinations for judge-ship and the three passed. He was assigned as juez de paz of next town San Fernando, at the latest by 1914. His cousin Antonio Sandiego was assigned to Barili.

He married an only child of another juez from San Fernando assigned in Carrascal, Surigao (now del Sur) and they had 13 children, 11 of whom reached adulthood and married. After Porfirio and his wife Mercedes Gerasta Tapia died in 1971 and 1980 respectively, administrators were eldest Jose Yap, daughter-in-law Visitacion Alfafara-Yap, daughter Trinidad Yap-Aleonar until her death in 2008 when youngest son Claro was tasked to take over.

An adjoining lot was bought by Porfirio in 1918 from a prominent Carcaranon and the latter, then living on the parcel, even vacated it. As new owner, Porfirio tried to have the lot titled, but was surprised to find it was actually registered only half to the seller and the other half to two minors related to and then living with the person. By 1918, the two minors had been taken to Mindanao by their parents and nothing came of titling it anymore.  Porfirio had the lot rented to a number of tenants for some time before he then fenced the entire property. There was a second surprise when 40 years later, in 1958, a daughter of the seller claimed the lot, not by right of inheritance to her father but allegedly after buying the half of the lot from one of the two children, by this time well into her adult years living in Mindanao. The lower court decided in favor of the new claimant but the appellate ruled it back to Porfirio. The decision included Porfirio’s right to have the property now titled to him.

Prior to that, the house had felt the effects of World War II more than other houses still standing in Carcar. With the spacious azotea having a commanding view of the South highway, the location proved inviting to Japanese officers and they made it a command house. Ever Japanese, the officers felt no need, nor affection, for the furniture, especially the chairs and tables in the sala and threw them over the window and in fact were using the discarded pieces for firewood. Save for the long dining table which probably served them as the map table.  A six-foot mirror in the sala has a bullet hole, its scar and the same time Purple Heart from the war.

Per Records: The earliest record indicating the year the house was built is found in document “Part III. Buildings, Supplement to the Claim of Porfirio C. Yap”  (of damages sustained during WWII—Total Damages: P800). The supplementary document attested that 1) house was built in 1905 (original cost P11,000) and 2) improved in 1936 (P1,500).

In the same claim, the original contractors in 1905 were identified as Salustiano Abellana (architect, deceased, from Carcar, Cebu. [Gonzalo Abellana?-ed.]) and Andres Cui (chief carpenter, deceased, from Carcar, Cebu).

For the 1936 improvements, the claim named Mr. Mariano Mercado (designed improvements, deceased) and Ceferino Bargamento (chief carpenter, still living in Carcar, Cebu) with the latter’s affidavit attached.

In his affidavit (16 February 1948), Mr. Bargamento attested that there were four other carpenters and five laborers working with him in said repair. The improvements were: construction of a concrete azotea (3.5m. x 8.5 m.), repair of gutter on west side of house, extension of roof on the east side, construction of kitchen and toilet, flush system, and the repainting of the entire house. He also declared that he worked under the supervision of Mr. Mariano Mercado.

Incidentally, it appears that at the time of the improvements, Mariano Mercado, who was living across the street, and to whose house Porfirio was often called for dinner, was the mayor of Carcar.

The azotea had eroded by the 50’s and what’s standing now is just a fourth of the said 8.5 meters once stretching alongside of the highway. Some pictures of family members taken on it suggest that the roof over it now was not there before, and so was technically an azotea, uncovered. It had slowly crumbled until Porfirio Yap decided the bigger portion was unsafe and had the azotea truncated and reworked.  Bad 1936 work? Nobody can say now, yet this 50’s edition was only some years ago considering, and already, the masons and craftsmen who worked on it, replicating the 1936 balustrade and balusters (if they did not just transfer the old),  are now forgotten. It was also roofed and thus, technically, is not an azotea anymore.

Yap House - Edited

(photo taken and retouched 2002 by Guy Aleonar)

Porfirio Yap-Mercedes Tapia family 1941

Porfirio C. Yap-Mercedes G. Tapia Family (girl sitting center bottom is Bienvenida Villariasa, a cousin)

(Photo taken 1941 by Eutiquio Tapia for Tapia Studio, San Fernando)

Responses

  1. vip, thanks for the account. A house is interesting for it’s “life” and also the people who lived in it.
    I want to ask pointblank, was my side of the family involved in the lawsuit? I would like to know your family’s view of how the suit transpired. Anyway, the court has decided. I do not recall my mom sighing for properties that got away. We even think that the Rodriguezes did not put down deep roots in Carcar as there are no property that one can call ancestral. Was Jantoy engaged in trade like Asyon? It sounds like a Chinese name that I thought he was one. At least he had decent burial. We do not even know where his sister Aurelia is buried.

    I am so proud that this house was chosen for the Visayan model. Is the model still extant? I think it is the most beautiful of old houses in Carcar with its columns and woodwork.

  2. when i was about 6yrs old i remember ang silong ana nga balay was once a grocery store…perme ko suguon pagpalit sardinas gisulod sa lapad oblong nga lata before..diha sila c dicto yap nagpuyo sa una? amo balay diha sa may galingan sa gen. luna….salamat vip..

  3. Hi, Im a descendant of the Rodriguez Family in Carcar. Juan “jantoy” Ramos Rodriguez is the brother of my Great grandmother Rosenda Ramos Rodriguez whose parents are Gregorio Rodriguez and Dionisia Lañas Ramos. Please get in touch with me as Im interest to know more about the Rdoriguez family of Carcar manilagalleontrade@hotmail.com

    • @Luis Martin Arriola, can you please tell me if of any information regarding Gregorio Rodriguez? If I’m not mistaken, he had a sister named Cecilia Dian Rodriguez, born 1881 who migrated to Surigao City. I’ve been looking for our distant relatives in Carcar, I was told my by my mom, aunts and uncle that my great grandma came from this place but just don’t know which town.

      • Hi Vin, Gregorio was born in surigao parents were Demetrio Rodriguez from Vals de Sto Domingo, toledo, Spain and Romualda del Carmen (Villamor?) from surigao. Im not sure which part of surigao but from what I heard they owned the property where the city hall now stands so must be surigao, surigao. Not familiar with surigao

  4. Hi, thanks for all your messages, based on my research and information from your blogsites and comments, Vip Aleonar and Luis Martin Arriola and my mom, Ofelia Enriquez Dayang, this is what I have gathered:

    Demetrio Rodriguez (born in Vals de Santo Domingo, Toledo, Spain) and Romualda del Carmen (born in Surigao); (married in Surigao)
    Children:
    Gregorio Rodriguez
    ?

    Gregorio Rodriguez (born in Surigao); capitan municipal of Carcar 1896 and Dionisia Lanas Ramos (married in Carcar, Cebu, 1868)
    Children:
    Aurelia Rodriguez (born 1868)
    Juan Rodriguez (married to Consolacion Florido Yap, married 1892; no children with Juantoy)
    Rosenda Rodriguez (married to an ophthalmologist from Cavite)
    Segundino Rodriguez (grandfather of +Sandra Rodriguez Arroyo, our neighbor in Paranaque )
    Tomasa Rodriguez
    Romualda Rodriguez
    Gerard Rodriguez (married to Primitiva Regis); father of Lilia Rodriguez; teacher of San Carlos University)
    Lucia Rodriguez
    Roman Rodriguez
    Julian Rodriguez

    Aurelia Rodriguez and Nicanor Enriquez; widower of Josefa Regis; active in the 1890’s Philippine revolution in Cebu, together with Leon Kilat; (married in Carcar, Cebu in 1901?)
    Children:
    Miguel R. Enriquez (born 1902? ; + 1951 )
    Felixberto R. Enriquez
    ?

    Miguel Rodriguez Enriquez; medical doctor and Natividad Rayla Alfafara; pharmacist; (daughter of Epifanio Alfafara, literary writer of Cebu); (married in Carcar, Cebu)

    Children:
    Ofelia A. Enriquez (born 1934); retired social worker
    +Miguel A. Enriquez, Jr. (married to Conigunda; 2 children (Niel and Connie) )
    +Manuel A. Enriquez (married; no children)
    Alicia A. Enriquez (married to Luke Ada; Micronesian; 4 children (Michael, John, Jayboy and Clarence)
    +Nicanor A. Enriquez (married; 3 children)

    Ofelia Enriquez and Juan P. Dayang, former mayor of Kalibo, Aklan 1986; journalist/columnist (married in Cebu City, 1969)
    Children:
    Bernadette E. Dayang (businesswoman); born 1970
    Juan E. Dayang, Jr. (Consul and first secretary of the Philippine Embassy in Prague); born 1972
    Geraldine E. Dayang, (former PR officer of Century Park Hotel Manila, former Staff at Permanent Mission of Thailand to the United Nations in New York City; lived and studied in Madrid and New York City); born 1973

    Geraldine E. Dayang and Jose Roderick Fernando (lawyer); married in Manila 2012.

    I hope this helps!

    – Geraldine Dayang-Fernando

    • my outline for gregorio rodriguez-dionisia ramos children:

      Aurelia (1868)
      Juan (calc. 1873-1915)
      Rosenda (calc. 1876-1942)
      Segundino (1877-
      Romualda (1879-
      Julian (1883-
      Irene (1885-1886)
      Dominga ( -1906) soltera in burial
      Gerardo (1890-
      Doroteo (1893-
      Lucia (1896-
      Roman (1899-

      • Hi Vip, thanks a lot! Would you happen to know if Gregorio has other siblings? Is Dionisia Ramos from Carcar?

        Thanks.

        • i haven’t been able to get dionisia ramos’s baptism if she was born in carcar but her father, ynosencio was said to be indio, natural de cebu. i have one sister of dionisia’s, segunda born and baptized 1864 but supposed to have died 1921 in dansalan, lanao. she was married to rafael pabilote tenchavez, a mestizo sangley most probably also from the city. i have no record with me of other siblings if any of gregorio’s, including cecilia.

  5. @ Luis Martin Arriola, I would like to know more about Demetrio Rodriguez. Could you give me more information about him? Were your grandparents living in Cebu City before? My mom told me she used to visit her aunt and uncle in Cebu City who were making eyeglasses. Perhaps those are your grandparents?

    @Vin, did you find out whether Cecilia Dian Rodriguez was a sister of Gregorio Rodriguez?

    Thanks.

    • Hi Geraldine, So we are related! I don’t have info on Demitrio, but I have plans to go and find his baptismal record here in Spain. My great grandfather was Rosalio Reyes y Bañuelos, he was an ophthalmologist, in Rosendas marriage info he was natural de Ermita, but everybody knows he was from Cavite. He was a councilor in Cebu. I think he is related to Teodoro Rull “King Rull” the magician. Dionisia was born/baptized in Carcar on April 7 1855. If you have photos or any other info of Rosalio Reyes, I would love to know more. my email is manilagalleontrade@hotmail.com

    • If Cecilia Dian Rodriguez was born 1881 she could not be the sister of Gregorio as he was born 1843. What I heard from my family was that Gregorio had 1 or 2 brothers.

  6. @Geraldine Dayang-Fernando, unfortunately my research about Cecilia or Celia Dian Rodriguez has been unsuccessful. According to the information I’ve gathered, she was born around 1881 and got married to a man (my great-grandfather) named Bernardo Servillas Vazquez ( Vazquez, a prominent mestizo clan, Surigao City), they had nine children total. Their fifth child was my grandmother, Lydia Vazquez-Maturan and she was born on Feb. 1913. My mother, Luz, told me that Cecilia Rodriguez a.k.a. nanay Anday, often mentioned to her children that she originally came from Carcar.

  7. Hi, do you know the history of Fruto Lawas and wife Severa Enario in Carcar City Cebu?


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