Posted by: vip | April 13, 2009

Keeping the (town) records straight

But naturally for a centuries-old town, some smoke has been blowing every which way in it, and a filter may be needed to set or keep the records straight and dust from settling.  This blog here is a start, a primitive attempt at a filter. Here’s hoping a definitive story sifted from various sources will rise proverbially from the smoke’s ashes.

1. Sarmiento family—Roman, his brother Severo and even their parents, Antonio and Dorotea Maria, were said to be natives of Cebu City according to church records. So were other Sarmiento branches in Carcar but whose relation to the Antonio Branch cannot be ascertained yet.

2. Canarias family – there was a Canarias family in Carcar at the time of Doña Ana Canarias (wife of Roman Sarmiento). The starting couple in my file are Luis Francisco and Maria Agustina who were born around 1800. Their son Hipolito Canarias was said to have been born in Dumaguete around 1823 if we are to believe his age (58) given in his second marriage in 1881. The surname is spelt either Canarias or Canaria but both are attributed to the same family, and some records had it Ana Canaria, too. Anyway, this information opens up the possibility that it was the Canariases who were already in Carcar, and thus Roman came to live in Carcar. The big however is that the relationship of Ana and the other Canariases has to be established yet.

3. Noel House – The house could not have been built 1859, or at least not by Florencio Noel who was born around 1849. Noel bought the original house and lot in 1873 from Jacinto Aldocente, even if Noel was already a resident of Carcar maybe by 1870. More likely, Noel renovated the original Aldocente house after he bought it. Thus, family reminiscences supposedly of Florencio’s construction of the house must have been actually of the renovation work. When he bought it the house was described only as tabla y nipa, and the present stone edifice would certainly signify what may amount to a new construction altogether–but again only after 1873. His eldest son was also born 1873 and except if the renovation were done in the 1890s, any earlier than that, but for Florencio himself, memory of any house work may have been passed on to the family only by other sources. I think Jerry Martin Alfafara who has custody of the house may have the details of that heritage work, down to the major carpenters involved.

4. Noel Families in Carcar – By the way, Florencio could not have been the first Noel in Carcar. Anacleta Noel was already here as wife of Catalino Gantuangco Regis and their children were born here around 1860s. She was widowed and married Leocadio Cui Jaen in 1867 in Carcar (when Florencio would have been just getting out of his teens).

Anacleta’s parents were Vicente Noel and Leoncia Agaton/Osmeña, while Florencio’s mother was Benedicta Noel with an unrecognized father.

However, Florencio’s wife, Filomena Jaen, was born in Carcar in 1854 to Victoria Cui Jaen and an unrecognized father. Victoria was a sister of Leocadio Jaen above, making Filomena Leocadio’s niece.

A third Noel, Martin Noel, and his wife Gregoria Son (or Suson) lived in Sangat a little later than the two. His parents were Luis and Eugenia Roselló.

I cannot establish the exact relationships of these three Noel lines but they were all from Cebu City and can be presumed to be from the same clan from Parian and Cebu City, some of whose branches also spread to Dumanjug, Toledo and Tuburan.

5. Fr. Anastasio Nuñez del Corro House – Padre Tatyong (1860-1948) never lived in the house known to be his. The grand old priest lived at the Carcar parish convent where he was the parish priest until he died in 1948. After he died, his half-sister Susana Nuñez Silva who’d also lived at the convent with him then transferred to the house. And after she herself passed on, possession of the house went to Dr. Nemesio Silva, a younger son of Susana’s half-brother Benito Barcenas Silva. Dr. Silva’s heirs still possess the house.

6. Dodoy Jaen’s House – The house known by everyone to be where Leon Kilat was killed was actually owned at that time by Don Timoteo Barcenilla. Ownership of the house passed from Barcenilla to Don Leocadio Jaen, and the latter’s son Vicente (Dodoy) Noel Jaen lived in the house until his own death such that to this day it is still called as Dodoy Jaen’s house.

Dodoy and his wife, Francisca Alegado Mercado*, had no children and the house passed to the family of Josefa, Dodoy’s Regis half-sister (see Anacleta Noel above), who was married to Nicanor Enriquez.

7. The Varga family – Originally spelt Barga, the family was distinct from the Bargamento family, contrary to some “rumors”. However, the Barga ancestor Dionisio Feliciano’s wife was Candida Bargamento which may have given rise to the rumors. But the descendants were all Barga. In one of the lines, the Barga ancestry was said to be from Dalaguete.

— — —

* granddaughter of Santiago Alegado (see Surnames 3: Sarmiento)



  1. thanks Vip for the post as it gives another facet on the the legends of Carcar.

    Re: the Jaen house, it is still under litigation between the Jaens of Cogon and the descendant of Josefa Regis.

    Question: the del Corro house or houses (2 houses in the back and front joined together) was supposedly built in the Spanish times too. So how Padre Tatyong never lived there?

    • The Silvas would know the house’s history better. But if there’s also a litigation, then we should also ask the del Corro side to the story. People say old houses can be dated by which had tisa and which galvanized iron. If it was indeed built in the mid-1800s, the padre may have lived in it only as a boy, and then, it could not have been “his” house–either his del Corro father built the house or his stepfather Silva did already.

      I don’t know anything about the Jaen litigation. I suppose it all boils down to ancestry of the Cogon Jaens and the Regis vis-à-vis Leocadio Jaen and Anacleta Noel, because one would suppose the couple got possession of the house conjugally. Leocadio died 1906 but I don’t have the date for Anacleta.

      I went to their house 2,3 months back to get the lineage of Totong (for my work not for any litigation) but he was not there. I’ll still see Totong yet.

  2. The family tree that my uncle, Pedro Urgello made shows the mother of Roman Sarmiento as Dorotea Santa Maria, not just Maria. He also checked the archives. He prepared this family tree way back in 1977.

  3. I just checked the family tree that Pedro Urgello prepared and it shows the children of Antonio Sarmiento and Dorotea Santa Maria. They are: Leon who moved to Bohol, Estanislao, who married Francisca Lucero of Cebu, Celena, who married Fabian Del Mar of Cebu, and Ana, who married a Guerra from Manila and Roman. It is nice to know that he still has another brother, Severo. I will have to add that to the family tree. Thanks.


    • Dear Lucy, my work is just based on Carcar church records and it was only Dorotea Ma. wherever she appeared. But that hardly accounts for anything, because if you must have read in my other posts second names were not so accurate or consistent or strict. Anyway, Santa Maria or Maria was not a family name at all. Most individuals whose second names had already been forgotten at the time of a prticular record were usually just second-named Maria or Francisco. It was almost like a formula. It would not even surprise me if her baptism could be found and it was Ma. Dorotea or even Dorotea Fulgencia or some other second name.

      I had seen the family tree chart at the Tisa but was surprised by your information that the Carcar Sarmientos knew brothers and sisters of Roman who lived elsewhere but is in the blank about Severo and his big family who was all the time living in Carcar, too. I got the connection through Severo’s burial which gave his parents’ name as Antonio and Dorotea. Anyway, descendants of Severo told me that Pedro had also interviewed members of their family and asked for other links.

      • @Lucy, gosh, I have Estanislao in my Carcar files as parent (with Francisca delos Angeles, AKA Francisca Rosera) of Celestino and Hilario. Estanislao was said to be a vecino (resident) of Talamban. Most of Celestino’s children (1870s-80s) even by his first wife from Mabolo were already born in Carcar. His second wife was from Carcar. I hope a record (I presume, Celestino’s or Hilario’s burial) will point to Antonio and Dorotea as grandparents so I can finally affix this line to my Antonio-Dorotea family.

  4. To whom it may concern:

    I am very happy that I found a website about the history of my great,great,geat,great grand mother
    Dona Ana Canarias Sarmiento. My mother name was Natividad Sarmiento Flores, I need your help to verify of what my mother told me before she died, according to her that Dona Ana Canarias live in Manila before she moved to Cebu. In 1960s
    the family tree of Dona Ana Canarias are on the process of claiming the land name TONDO. The whole are of TONDO was own by Dona Ana but when President Marcos declared martial law everything went up to the air. Now my question is can you verify this record in Manila ? because my mother told me that the Marcoses take over the claimed.


    • @erlinda, please trace your lineage from Ana Canarias. Please enter the spouses and where you or your other family members can remember, brothers and sisters, etc. This will update my file for the Sarmiento family.

      But I have no means to verify about the Canarias claim for Tondo in Manila. At the time of Ana Canarias in Carcar, Andres Bonifacio’s father must have already been living around the ricefields that was Tondo. Emilio Jacinto was born there too in 1875. Historically, Rajah Lakandula’s family “owned” Tondo so the claim is interesting for the history of the territory. But since you brought up Marcos, I haven’t heard of even a rumor that the Marcos family already owns Tondo.

  5. may i know where you got the information about the varga family? thanks.

    • like every other data in my files, they came from early church records. the “rumors” are questions put to me by townmates. thus, I am often asked: is it true that varga and bargamento are the same family? if something like that cross people’s minds, we can call them rumors put to their minds from unfounded guesswork.

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