Posted by: vip | August 17, 2009

Baptisms 1827-1839 Carcar

I already mentioned some things about this particular volume in the post Keeping our records straight 3A: pre-Claveria Carcar records.

Let’s sort out some gainful points:

1. Even in the church records, people’s names were not consistent. Luis Mariano would be Mariano Luis in the next.  And he could be Luis Francisco in the next. Francisco was the most common second name. In Barili, I remember a preponderance of Agustin.

2. The families starting to use surnames were Ybañez, Paraz, Alvarado. However, these surnames were not given to all their respective children. Especially Paraz, whose children were baptized Maximo Fernando Paraz, Ramon Nonato and a niece as Catalina Marcela, etc.

Moreover, unrelated individuals were also using these three surnames as second names, more often Alv(b)arado, the usages of which were Albarado for males, Albarada for females.

3. Cebu City/Parian natives to arrive in Carcar during the period (or even earlier) were Mamerto Alcorcon (Mamerto Narciso), Leon Alcudia (Leon de los Santos), Brigildo Alegrado (Brigildo Silvestre), Domingo Gemperoso (Domingo Guzman), Mariano Sagolili (Mariano de la Cruz) and Roman Sarmiento (Roman Protacio) in alphabetical order.  But while Alcorcon, Alcudia, Gemperoso, Sagolili and Sarmiento had notations of being feligreses of Parian, only Gemperoso was not identified as a mestizo Sangley, although in subsequent records his descendants were classified as mestizo Sangley. Meanwhile, Pedro Juan Quijano was mestizo Sangley but was not identified by his place of origin–maybe in some other records in the book.

Alegrado also had no indication of being mS or being from Parian (yet). Agustin Aldave (Agustin de la Cruz) also arrived from San Nicolas. (Sarmiento’s first record, however, would still come in the next volume to this in the Baptism of his son, Gregorio, still on year 1839. But since the marriages of these individuals were probably in Carcar, those should be earlier–I hope records are still intact and I can sort out the names)

A father, Tanacio de Jesus, was classified as feligrés of Lutaos del Parian de Zebú. I can not yet identify by which surname his family later became known, mostly because I can’t remember coming across a Tanacio or Atanasio or nearabouts later.

4. Cabezas de Barangay during the period 1827-1839 were:

Agustin Bernardo

Alcario Juanillo (Barcelo)

Ambrosio Mauricio

Andres Alexo

Antonio Francisco (Alegarbes)

Antonio Urbano (Bargamento)

Candelario Nazareno (Campugan)

Fabiano de la Encarnacion (Fabiano Alcos)

Francisco Domingo (Alcuesar)

Francisco Eustaquio (Bargamento)

Francisco Laurencio (Navares)

Francisco Luciano

Francisco Polonio (Apolonio Cuison), gobernadorcillo

Francisco Suriano (Soriano Alegado)

Francisco Valentin (Navarro)

Francisco Ygnacio (Canencia)

Fulgencio Juanillo (Alcorisa)

Gregorio de la Cruz

Hipolito Francisco

Isidro Mariano

Juan Albarado (Juan Barangan)

Juan Martin (Alcuesar or Ybañez)

Leon Bernardo (Navarra)

Luis Francisco

Luis Mariano (Alesna)

Mariano Encarnacion

Mariano Francisco (Oasaoas, now Wasawas)

Mariano Patrocinio (Dayondon)

Martin Cleto (Camoro)

Maximiliano/Maximiano Francisco (Alcorisa) gobernadorcillo

Oliverio Mariano [Silverio Quilario?-vip]

Salvador Florentino

Santiago Cornelio (Dayonot)

Santiago Eufracio (Alcover)

Santiago Lucas (Santiago Alegado)

Santiago Salvador

Siriño Santiago (Cuison)

I’m still going to comb records to complete the surnames the others finally got. But, per No. 1 above, it’s also perfectly possible Luis Francisco was the same person Luis Mariano. Same thing with the others.

There were two distinct Francisco Valentin of the period (could be more of them). One was the eventual Valentin Alesna but the other Francisco Valentin, the cabeza, was a Navarro, borne out by a baptism of his own child which mentioned him as cabeza actual with wife Salvadora Albarada.  Meanwhile, the cabezas of Valentin Alesna and his wife Ma. Regina (Barangan) were Francisco Polonio (Cuison) in 1828 and Maximiano Francisco (Alcorisa) in 1832. Incidentally, both Apolonio Cuison and Maximiano/Maximiliano Alcorisa became gobernadorcillos of Carcar, too.



  1. Vip,
    Has anybody researched about the implementation of the Claveria decree and addressed the points your observed?

    • If you mean about Carcar, I doubt. If about the whole country, the next Governor-General ordered a census and report regarding the implementation. The report said many still retained the first and religious second names (witness the many first name surnames in Luzon and the Espiritu, de la Cruz, Trinidad, etc.) Meanwhile my other observations were on the result of myths that came about from knowing little of the decree.

  2. thanks, i was also puzzled at the inconsistencies that you pointed out

    • those inconsistencies may have been partly why Claveria decided to make the decree in the first place. First and second names were interchanged so frequently so that if only there were surnames, everyone would know which name should come first. Not only interchanged but, for illustration, Luis Mariano may also be Luis Francisco in another. You’d just know it refers to one person because the wife’s the same and you already know the names of children.

      Thus, with a surname there can only be so many say Juan Ada, but without the surname, there would be dozens of Juan Lucio! Not to mention the Lucio Juans.

      Hurrah surnames!

  3. i admire your tenacity! it’s so difficult to search for all those stories and histories…. i’ve been dreaming of doing it one day, but being away from phils makes that dream impossible at the moment. do you have any links to the Oaper family? i’ve found some on facebook though:D

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: