Carcar surnames frequency
Background. Carcar has a population of 100,632 (2007 census).
Summaries. The study was based on a computer-generated Comelec List of Voters 2009 for Carcar, excluding the extension period this Christmas. The list contained 55,205 voters. 5,809 surnames total were counted in the list. The count was done manually and started 5 Dec. Original intention was to get the top 100 surnames but as ties inevitably turned up, the tally was expanded a little to include the surnames with 100 or more voters, which finally involved 111 surnames.
There was a little hitch in the counting because in the list, Camañero, for instance, was sometimes lumped together with Camanero, with an “n” instead of ñ. Ditto with Gabinete and Gabiñete. Since it became too tedious to count them individually line by line, the two were just taken together and thus the totals here include both sets of spellings. Anyway, it is, however, most probable that the surnames were originally the same, although as a matter of record and exactness, it would have been ideal to be able to come up with how many spelled their name Camañero and how many Camanero at this period in the evolution of Carcar surnames.
In like manner, there were also what must be errors by respondents themselves in their registration forms where some filled in two spaces to separate a compound name (ex., dela__cerna, instead of dela_cerna). More likely, these were inadvertent and the Comelec staff did not have time to go over all the entries with the respondents, and these could easily have been corrected if truly erroneous. Although this will result in another surname, no matter, just to be sure.
But where there are variant spellings of a surname, the one to appear in the ranking will be the most numerous. However, the total voters will include the variants, which will also be shown.
Distribution. The top 10 surnames represent a total of 3,522 voters, or 6.38% of the total. The surnames with 100 or more voters already accounts for 18,623 voters (33.7%).
For the poblacion (town center)-oriented Carcaranon, the result may be an eye-opener in that the first two names, Lauron and Lapiña, come mostly from the Valladolid-Perrelos-Valencia area, and as such may possibly be the old Daanglungsod families. But then, on the other hand, relatively confined to living in the town center may have brought pressure on the Al- families to reduce their number of children.
For what the fact is worth, records point to Lauron, the most numerous voters on the list, originally spelled Laoron, as having originated variously from Cebu City, Mandaue, and Talamban, but has managed to outpace all the others — the migrants and the original Carcar families. But the additional situation of the surname tying up with the Lao- alphabetical group of Carcar surnames may indicate the entire family received the surname only in Carcar, thus they were here already before the Claveria decree.
Thus, the top 10 of the alphabetical surname group which Carcar is most known for –the Al- surnames– had Alegado (No. 4), Alesna (5), Alcover (11), Alison (26), Aleonar (39), Alegarbes (43), Alcoseba (56), Alforque (57, although of Minglanilla origin), Aliser (67), and Alcuizar (72).
Their rankings here no longer reflect the All-Carcar reputation their group once had. The group still accounts for a staggering 212 families, however, and 4,490 (8.13%) of the total number of voters. Formidable but not that dominant anymore, further taking into account that the majority of these Al- surnames now on the list were even just recent additions and not of the original Carcar Al-s.
That is not to say that although the Al- (and Bar- and Cam-) families had been dominant in number in the town center, they were confined there, because the Al- families were also heavy in the Mantalongon-Guadalupe area, from where they may have actually originated, although by the time of the Claveria distribution, these families had already dispersed somewhat. 
Evolution of spellings. From a sampling of top surnames in the Comelec list, we can also compare the contemporary spellings of today with their more or less original ones. A word of caution about original spellings, because it would be presuming to say that what the clerks wrote in the early days of surnames were correct, except if it were pretty consistent for a particular surname. Or else, let’s just base our little comparison on what was the more common old spellings, or what was on the Claveria decree list.
Below, at the left side is what is today; at the right, the “antiques”.
Alcuirez – Alcuires
Alcuizar – Alcuesar
Alison – Aleson
Barawidan – Barauidan
Baring – Bareng
Camotes – Camates
Diacamus – Dayacamos
Dialimas – Dayalimas
Diapera – Dayapira
Lauron – Laoron
Lawas – Laoas
Manlisi – Manlisic
Oamilda – Oaumelda
Paninsoro – Paningesoro
Sato – Satot (Satut in decree)
Wamar – Oamar
Wasawas – Oasaoas
Watin – Oaten
Many families like Alegado, Alesna, Alfafara, could already be found in Bolinawan, Napo and even Ylaud (for Alfafara) which is near the sea from the town center.
|5||Alesna||331 (incl. 2 Alisna)|
|7||Dela Cerna||301 (incl. 2 Cerna, dela; Dela Cerna)|
|12||Lapas||276 (incl. 51 Lapaz)|
|13||Padin||271 (incl. 2 Paden)|
|15||Lapinid||257 (5 Lapined)|
|16||Campaña||246 (incl. 10 Campania)|
|28||Navares||203 (incl. 8 Navarez)|
|30||Gantuangco||202 (inc. 24 Gantuangko)|
|32||Mangyao||195 (inc. 3 Mangyaw)|
|34||Oamilda||188 (incl. 18 Wamelda, Wamilda)|
|43||Alegarbes||161 (incl. 1 Alegarbez)|
|44||Tangaro||160 (incl. 2 Tanggaro)|
|55||Pananganan||138 (incl. 1 Panangganan)|
|61||Pantilgan||127 (inc. 1 Pantelgan)|
|65||Navesis||125 (inc. 52 Naveces, Navecis, Naveses, Navesis, Navices, Navisis, Navises)|
|82||Paninsoro||113 (incl. 15 Paningsoro, Paninsuro)|
|87||Lapis||109 (incl. 6 Lapiz)|
|90||Gemuta||108 (incl. 52 Gemota)|
|94||Enjambre||107 (inc. 1 Emjambre)|
|95||Espinosa||107 (incl. 3 Espinoza)|